Toothache:During pregnancy, the woman undergoes a series of changes in her body and in her behavior that can directly affect an increased risk of cavities and periodontal problems (of the gums). WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW… […]
During pregnancy, the woman undergoes a series of changes in her body and in her behavior that can directly affect an increased risk of cavities and periodontal problems (of the gums).
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW…
Vomiting and reflux, as well as changes in dietary habits and meal times are factors that increase the risk of cavities.
All the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy favor the appearance of periodontal problems.
The pregnant woman should pay special attention to the care of her teeth and gums: make a good brushing with fluoride paste at least twice a day and periodically use dental floss.
The increased risk of caries is mainly due to changes in both dietary habits and meal times; The pregnant woman tends to eat more often than under normal conditions and usually consumes more sweet foods.
Another factor associated with the increased risk of cavities during pregnancy is the frequency of vomiting and reflux, which produces tooth erosion of the enamel, making it more susceptible to caries.
To try to reduce these risks it is important that the pregnant woman tries not to abuse the sweets, especially to avoid the stickiest, and to increase the frequency of tooth brushing with a good paste with fluoride.
All the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy favor the appearance of periodontal problems , especially gingivitis (which is an inflammation of the gums, which become redder and bleed easily).
It can be painful and usually appears around the second month of pregnancy and improve after childbirth.
The woman who already had gum problems before her pregnancy, it is more likely that with this her problem will worsen and worsen.
Not so frequently, during pregnancy may appear what is called “granuloma of pregnancy” which is a lesion of the gum, located and bulging, which bleeds easily. It usually diminishes in size or disappears after childbirth.
The pregnant woman should pay special attention to the care of her teeth and gums. You should thoroughly brush your teeth at least twice a day, preferably in the morning and at night.
In addition, during pregnancy you should use a soft bristle brush, make a good brush with a good paste with fluoride (which prevents the formation of cavities) and periodically use dental floss. If we do not clean the interdental surface we stop cleaning 40% of the surface of the teeth.
The baby covers his needs for calcium through the diet or from the bones of the mother. You do not get calcium from your mother’s teeth like many people believe. In this sense, diet has a very important role:
The mother’s body is the only source of nourishment for the baby.
The doctor or midwife will inform in detail about the most suitable foods to take during pregnancy.
With regard to the dentition, the pregnant woman should try to increase the consumption of products rich in calcium (dairy (better skimmed), nuts , sardines with spines) that are especially suitable for the development of teeth and bones.
Changes in pregnancy in your body can affect your gums and teeth. During pregnancy, you have more blood circulating through your body, more acid in your mouth, and increased hormone levels. Hormones are chemical substances produced by the body.
These changes mean that you are more likely to have some dental health problems during pregnancy than before you became pregnant. Those problems include the following:
Gingivitis: It is when you have red, inflamed or painful gums. Gums can bleed when brushing teeth. Elevated levels of the hormone progesterone can lead to gingivitis during pregnancy: Without treatment, gingivitis can develop into a serious gum disease called “periodontitis.”
Loose teeth: Elevated levels of the hormones progesterone and estrogen during pregnancy can affect the tissues and bones that hold the teeth in place. That can loosen your teeth.
Periodontitis It is a serious disease of the gums. It happens when there is inflammation and infection in the gums and bones that keep the teeth in place. That can loosen your teeth.
Tumors of pregnancy: These tumors are not cancer. They are lumps that form in inflamed gums, usually between the teeth. This can cause bleeding. Tumors can arise from having too much plaque (sticky bacteria that forms on the teeth). Pregnancy tumors usually go away on their own. But perhaps they should be removed with surgery at some time after having the baby.
Dental cavities: This happens when the acids in the mouth break down the enamel of a tooth. Enamel is the hard outer layer of the tooth. Because you have more acid in your mouth than normal during pregnancy, you are more likely to have cavities. If you suffer from nausea of pregnancy and vomit frequently, you have even more acid in your mouth.
Fall of teeth: If you have severe tooth decay or gum disease, your teeth may fall out. Or maybe your dentist should get teeth.
Signs and symptoms include:
Gums that hurt when touched or that bleed when brushing teeth
Sores, lumps or other tumors in the mouth
Red or violet reddish gums
Gums bright, painful or swollen
Toothache or other pain
Call your dentist if you have any of those signs or symptoms.
You may notice a problem with your teeth or gums or your dentist may discover it during a routine dental check-up.
Have regular dental check-ups before and during pregnancy. If you have not consulted the dentist recently, do so early in pregnancy. At the check-up, tell the dentist that you are pregnant and tell her about the prescription or over-the-counter medications you are taking.
Dental checkups during pregnancy are important so the dentist can find and treat dental problems. Periodic tooth cleanings can also help prevent cavities. If you have problems, your dentist may recommend treatment during pregnancy or after delivery.
If a dental problem arises, the dentist may take an x-ray. X-ray (x-ray) is a medical test that uses radiation to create an image on a screen. Dental x-rays may show problems, such as tooth decay, plaque signs under the gums, or loss of bone in the mouth. Dental x-rays use a very small amount of radiation. Make sure your professional protects you with an apron and lead collar protector. That helps keep your body and your baby safe.
The type of dental treatment you receive will depend on the problem you have and how far along your pregnancy is.
You may only need a good dental cleaning from your dentist. Or maybe you need surgery in your mouth. Your dentist can treat many problems without risks during pregnancy. But you can tell her that it is better to wait until after childbirth to do some treatments.
Your dentist can avoid treating some problems in the first trimester of pregnancy because it is an important time in the growth and development of your baby. It is also possible that your dentist suggests that you postpone some dental treatments during pregnancy if you had a miscarriage in the past or if you are more at risk than other women of this. Miscarriage happens when the baby dies in the womb before 20 weeks of pregnancy.
These are ways you can help keep your teeth and gums healthy:
Brush your teeth with a fluoride toothpaste and floss every day. Brush with a soft bristle brush twice a day. Floss once a day to clean between your teeth. Brushing and frequent use of dental floss around the gum line can remove plaque and prevent cavities.
If the nausea of pregnancy makes you feel too bad to brush your teeth, rinse your mouth with water or mouthwash. If you vomit, rinse your mouth with water to remove the acid.
Visit your dentist to get a dental checkup every 6 months even during pregnancy.
Eat nutritious foods: Healthy eating provides important nutrients for you and your growing baby. Your baby’s teeth begin to develop between 3 and 6 months of pregnancy. Nutrients, such as calcium, protein and vitamins A, C and D, help your baby’s teeth grow healthy.
Limit sweets. Eating too many sweet foods or drinks can lead to tooth decay. Instead of sweets, drink water and choose healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables and dairy products.