Medicine Definition

Spread the love

The term medicine comes from Latin medicine and refers to the science that allows to prevent and cure diseases of the human body. Medicine is also used as a synonym for the medication (from Latin medicamentum), which is the substance that allows to prevent, relieve or cure diseases or their sequelae.

Medicine, together with pharmacy, nursing, and other disciplines, form the group of health sciences, dedicated to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases.

practice medicine

To practice medicine: It is necessary to study to obtain the necessary degree and the corresponding qualification. In this way, the doctor or doctor received is in a position to become a health agent in the health process, establishing a relationship with the passive agent (the patient, who is the sick person or who seeks to take care of his or her health).

There are numerous specialties within the medicine, according to the part of the body to which they are dedicated, to the types of diseases or other factors that allow establishing the classification. The cardiology, for example, is responsible for heart conditions and circulatory system.

In the same way, we must not forget other equally significant branches or specialties as would be the case, for example, of neurosurgery. It is the one that has as its object of study and work what is the nervous system, both central and vegetative or peripheral.

Equally important is also ophthalmology, which is the specialty within Medicine that is responsible for carrying out the study of each and every one of the diseases and pathologies that affect what is the eyeball. However, it also focuses on what is the tear or the musculature system that the eyes have.

Rheumatology, on the other hand, is the branch that basically focuses on what is the connective tissue and the musculoskeletal system. In this way, it works by treating the different diseases that affect both areas such as, for example, osteoarthritis, arthritis, sclerosis, vasculitis, low back pain or osteoporosis, among others.

Likewise, we cannot ignore the existence of other specialties within Medicine as would be the case of psychiatry, toxicology, urology, sports medicine or forensic medicine. A branch of the latter is the one in charge of examining a body to determine the causes of his death although it is true that his professionals also carry out what is the study of a person to establish the origin and severity of his injuries.

The Dermatology is the medical specialty that focuses on the care and skin diseases. The Traumatology, meanwhile, to traumatic injuries of the spine and extremities that affect the bones, ligaments, joints, muscles and tendons is dedicated. There are other specialties that arise according to the patient’s age, such as pediatrics (dedicated to children) and geriatrics (focused on the elderly).

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *