How to Act in the Face of a Toothache

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How to act in the face of a toothache

How to act in the face of a toothache: one of the most common pains, more intense and more difficult to control is a toothache. The toothache or toothache appears in general suddenly and greatly limits the acting capacity of the person […]

One of the most common pains, more intense and more difficult to control is toothache. The toothache or toothache generally appears suddenly and greatly limits the ability to act of the person who has it.

Tips for a very strong toothache

If you usually have an intense toothache and do not know what to take or what to do to solve it, in this guide you will find the answer to some of your questions: what medicine is better, what to eat, etc.

Why do the molars hurt?

Toothaches occur due to a stimulation of the nerve root by thermal, mechanical or chemical agents, which irritate the nerve and the brain perceives it as an intense painful stimulus, initially either abrupt or insidious, and which goes on the rise.

These pains can be caused by various causes, some of them unrelated to dental pathology. In general, they are due to pulpitis, an inflammation of the pulp cavity of the tooth, the internal part of the tooth where the blood vessels and nerve endings are located. The most common causes of toothache are:

Dental caries

Fracture or dental fissure

Exposure of the dental roots


Dental abscess

Oral mucosal lesions

Mandibular pathology

Otic pathology


How is toothache
How is toothache?

Toothache is a constant, dull, intense pain that presents a crisis of increased pain intensity. There are several factors that can aggravate toothache, such as excessively cold or hot foods, sweets or intense chewing.

Occasionally odontalgia may be accompanied by other symptoms that may give a clue to the origin of the odontalgia, such as gingivorrhagia (bleeding gums), pain at the level of the ear, thick and thick mucus or fever.

What to do with pain before going to the dentist

In the event of an intense toothache, a visit with the dentist should be requested as soon as possible to examine the painful tooth and, once the cause is determined, to carry out an appropriate treatment. And is that, if not treated, can affect the surrounding tissues, causing serious problems at the level of the mouth, face or neck. But while not going to the dentist:

The pain can be alleviated by the use of analgesics such as paracetamol or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, metamizole or diclofenac. It is advisable to consult with the doctor before taking them. In case of bleeding gums, aspirin should be avoided, as this increases the risk of bleeding.

Antibiotics should never be taken without a doctor’s prescription, since they are probably not necessary and will not help to relieve pain either.

Avoid excessively cold, hot or hard foods .

The sweets and sugar also worsen dental pain, which should be avoided.

It is good to apply local cold, in the area of ​​the cheek adjacent to the sore tooth, for its anesthetic role, since it can relieve pain in part, but you should avoid putting ice inside the mouth, as it can aggravate the pain.

It is advisable to avoid pressure on the painful area, not resting the head on the affected side.

What the dentist will do to a toothache

By going to the dentist, the dentist can determine if the cause is traumatic or infectious and, therefore, perform the appropriate treatment. If it is a pulpitis, the filling can be enough to improve the pain. If there is infection but no abscess has formed, antibiotic treatment will be started.

If an abscess has already formed, the dentist will drain the purulent content of the abscess, order antibiotic treatment and repair the tooth. In case of an important affectation of the tooth, the dentist will perform an extraction or tooth extraction after the beginning of the antibiotic coverage. After the dentist’s performance, analgesics or NSAIDs will help to calm the pain.

How to prevent intense pain

It is important to remember that prevention is always better than treatment, so proper oral hygiene and proper diet reduce the risk of oral infections, tooth decay, gingivitis and toothaches. Brushing your teeth three times a day, using dental floss and mouthwash, and avoiding foods rich in sugars will help prevent the intense discomfort of suffering a toothache.

It is essential to go to the dentist at the least indication of toothache. MAPFRE Salud Insurance includes a coverage focused on oral guarantee, thanks to which you can enjoy consultations, X-rays, extractions and many other services so that your smile always remains perfect.

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