Definition Of Cardiology

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The cardiology is the specialization of medicine focused on the analysis of the heart. The cardiologists, therefore, can perform diagnostics and treatments indicate disorders linked to this body.
Although the requirements vary by country, usually the cardiologists are doctors and surgeons who then perform the corresponding specialization. An expert in cardiology should be able to treat patients with any type of heart problem and perform preventive tasks to minimize the occurrence of such diseases.

There are many disorders that can affect the heart. In general, there is the talk of heart failure when the heart is not able to pump the blood necessary for the proper functioning of the body, or that it can do so but at the expense of other disorders.

Cardiology, in this context, can diagnose heart failure and indicate treatments according to the characteristics of the patient. The acute myocardial infarction, with angina pectoris, the endocarditis, the ventricular fibrillation, and atrial fibrillation are among the processes that studies and treats cardiology.

With the aim of establishing a diagnosis , the cardiology specialist can indicate various studies, such as an electrocardiogram , a doppler ultrasound , the Holter test (which provides for uninterrupted monitoring of the patient for 24 hours), the vascular table test, the ergometry test (or stress test), ambulatory blood pressure control, tilt test and drug sensitization studies.

Common treatment procedures include bypass, angioplasty and stent implantation.

When a person decides to start a sports activity, it is advisable to see a doctor to control their physical condition. In this context, a consultation with an expert in cardiology is often suggested to determine if your heart is functioning properly and would be able to withstand the effort.

It is important to note that the field of cardiology is complex, and therefore it is common for cardiologists to choose one of the various subspecializations to focus on their careers; In this context we find areas such as nuclear cardiology, interventional, cardiac electrophysiology, cardiac rehabilitation, ecocardiology, heart rhythm disorders, coronary unit and intensive cardiology therapy .

As mentioned above, we are facing one of the many branches of medicine. Depending on the country, there are several requirements to graduate in cardiology. Usually, a bachelor’s degree in medicine and surgery is required before carrying out the specialty studies, which usually last approximately five years.

Throughout the academic training process, cardiologists aspiring physicians have to approach various aspects that relate to the specialty, among which are the following:

hospital medicine

*hospital medicine: Covers the care of patients who have been admitted to a health center, as well as outpatient or outpatient, for those who go to the office but then do not need to stay in the hospital;

* assistance in urgent or acute cases whose treatment cannot be delayed;

* clinical cardiology: These are all the issues that are directly related to the work with patients and the possible ways to address each particular case;

 care before and after an operation: to minimize surgical risks, it is necessary to carry out a cardiological evaluation before any operation. Similarly, postoperative care is very important for proper recovery;* preventive cardiology: studies the measures that professionals must take to avoid the appearance of the diseases contemplated within this branch of medicine.

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