Best Medications for the 8 most common types of pain

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Medications that can be used for pain can be pain relievers, anti-inflammatories or muscle relaxants. So to have a better effect to relieve pain, it is important to know which is the most suitable medication for each type of pain, since it has different causes. 

Over-the-counter medications may be used with the advice of a pharmacist, but it is important to consult the doctor to treat the cause of the pain. 

That care is important since excessive use of medications can increase the risk of developing hepatitis or cirrhosis, as well as masking some symptoms, making it more difficult to make the diagnosis. However, know some examples and medications for the most common types of pain

1. Sore throat medications

Sore throat is usually caused by the development of inflammation and, therefore, the most indicated medications to relieve this type of pain are anti-inflammatory tablets, such as: 

  • Ibuprofen;
  • Diclofenac;
  • Nimesulide

These medications should be used according to the doctor’s advice or according to the dosage of the medication and, in case the sore throat does not improve 2 days later or other symptoms such as fever and chills arise, it is recommended to consult a general practitioner or an otolaryngologist, since the pain may be caused by tonsillitis or pharyngitis, and in these cases the use of antibiotics is necessary.  Learn a way to supplement the treatment with medications in Gargle for the inflamed throat and see the video below, to know some home remedies that can be used to relieve it:

2. Medications for Toothache

Toothache can arise suddenly and is usually caused by the presence of a tooth with decay or inflammation of the gum and, therefore, depending on the case can be used analgesics or anti-inflammatory tablets. 

Toothache with inflammation

  • Ibuprofen;
  • Naproxen

Toothache without inflammation

  • Paracetamol;
  • Dipyrone

Although the toothache can be relieved with the use of these medications, it is always recommended to consult a dentist to identify the cause of the pain, since it may be necessary to treat the tooth that is causing the pain or take antibiotics to treat abscesses or tooth decay, for example. See natural ways to relieve pain in 4 Tips to reduce toothache.

3. Medications for Earache

Earache should always be evaluated by an ENT because, in most cases, it is caused by an infection within the ear canal that must be treated with the use of antibiotics and anti-inflammatories to decrease inflammation. See when they should be applied in earache medications.

Medications for Earache

4. Stomach ache Medications

Stomach pain can be caused by irritation of the gastric mucosa or by excess food inside the stomach, is that different types of medications can be used, depending on the symptoms presented:

Pain, heartburn or burning in the stomach

  • Aluminum hydroxide;
  • Cimetidine;
  • Ranitidine

Nausea or heavy stomach

  • Metoclopramide;
  • Domperidone

In addition to this, in any case, you can take a gastric protector such as Omeprazole or Lansoprazole, 15 minutes before breakfast to prevent the gastric mucosa from irritating during the day, preventing pain from appearing. Read how to relieve pain in other ways: Stomach ache.  Already when the pain takes more than a week to disappear, a gastroenterologist should be consulted to do some diagnostic tests such as an endoscopy, to identify the problem and start the appropriate treatment.

5. Medications for back pain

Back pain is often caused by muscle problems due to poor posture or excessive training in the gym and, therefore, the most commonly used medications are: 

  • Muscle relaxants;
  • Paracetamol.

However, in case the pain takes more than 1 week to disappear, it is recommended to consult a traumatologist, once the pain may be caused by a problem in the spine that must be identified and treated properly.

6. Headache medications

Headache is one of the most frequent symptoms since it can be caused by various causes such as fever, excess stress or fatigue. Some of the most commonly used medications to relieve headache are: 

  • Paracetamol;
  • AAS

Although the headache may improve after using these medications, it is recommended to consult a general practitioner when it takes more than 3 days to heal or when symptoms such as excessive tiredness, pain in other places of the body, increased fever or confusion arise, for example. See how to relieve a headache naturally: 5 steps to relieve a headache without medication. 

7. Medications for menstrual cramps

Menstrual cramps are caused by excessive contraction of the female reproductive organs or by their inflammation and, in this way, the most used medications are: 

  • Antispasmodics;
  • Anti-inflammatory

However, menstrual cramps can also be relieved with homemade techniques such as placing a warm compress on the pelvic region or drinking tea from mango tree leaves.

8. Medications for muscle pain

Muscle pain is usually caused by the inflammation of the muscle fibers that occurs when for the muscle contracts a long time as it happens in workouts in the gym or during stressful situations. In this way, the most commonly used medications to relieve muscle pain are:

Muscle relaxants;

Anti-inflammatories: Ibuprofen, Nimesulide or Naproxen;

Analgesics: Paracetamol or Dipirone.

In addition to this, muscle pain can also be treated more quickly when the use of medications is accompanied by a stretching of the affected muscles and placing warm compresses.  In cases where the muscle pain takes more than 1 week to heal or the pain does not improve, it is advisable to consult a traumatologist to perform diagnostic tests and identify if there is a more serious problem that is causing the pain such as bloating, tendonitis or arthritis.

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